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Medium to large sized. Yellow skin with orange-red blush. Firm, smooth, crisp flesh with sweet-tart flavor. Does very well in mild winter areas. Good pollinator (250) hours. Ripens: Mid- June to Early July.
Has become a favorite apple for eating across the country. Medium sized and have a reddish-green color. Firm, crunchy, juicy, white flesh, with excellent flavor. Quality shelf life. Withstands the summer heat adequately. (350-400 hours) Ripens: Early to Mid- September.
Large sized. The skin is bright green which is retained long after harvest. The flesh is firm and sweet/ tart. Good for eating, cooking, and as a sauce. Does well in hot climates or cold if there is an adequate length season. (400 hours) Ripens: August to September.
Granny Smith Spur:
Large sized. Skin displays slight striping, with shades of green. Flesh is firm, sweet/ tart. Good for eating, cooking and sauce. Does well in cold climates if there is adequate length of season. (400 hours) Ripens: September- October.
Medium to large, oval size. Yellow skin with orange cheek. Pale orange, firm juicy flesh. Quality is similar to Royal/ Blenheim. Valuable as fresh fruit, canning, or drying. Only late apricot known. Not recommended for climates with desert- like summer heat. (500 hours) Ripens: September.
Extremely popular. Medium to large sized. Apple skin is soft yellow with orange cheek. Flesh is pale orange, juicy, with a delicious flavor. Valuable for canning and drying. (400- 500 hours) Ripens: Late June to Early July.
Pakistan Fruiting (Morus alba “Pakistan”):
“King” of fruiting mulberries, producing 3 ˝” sometimes up to 5”, long maroon colored berries. Very sweet and flavorful with a raspberry like flavor. Fruit juice does not stain. Month long production season. Cold hardy to USDA Zone 6. Ripens: Early summer.
Persian Fruiting (Morus nigra sp.):
Large, tasty blackberry- like fruit is full of flavor. Dark red to black color. Good for fresh eating and jam. Large tree reaches 25- 30 feet. Dense shade, with large heart shaped leaves. Cold hardy to USDA Zone 4. Ripens: Early summer.
(Planting distance 20 x 20 ft.) All nectarines listed below are self fertile.
Similar to everyone's favorite, Goldmine, except larger, tastier and better color. White flesh is sweet but not all sugar. Has sub-acid taste like yellow fleshed varieties. Red over 70- 80 percent attractive. Freestone. (400-hours) Ripens: Early August.
Large sized. White skin with red blush. Juicy, sweet, white flesh, excellent flavor. Freestone. Good for home use. (400 hours) Ripens: Early August.
Medium sized rich red skin. Golden flesh. Freestone. Heavy bearer in mild winter areas. (300 hours) Ripens: Early to Mid- July.
Sweet, Juicy, early season white fleshed freestone. Long time favorite in Southern California. Self fertile. (250- 300 hours) Ripens: Late June, 2-3 weeks ahead of Babcock Peach.
Donut (Stark Saturn):
An unusual and very hardy, somewhat flattened peach. About 2 ˝”: in diameter. It is freestone and has a very sweet, mild white flesh. Bacterial spot resistant. Also known as saucer or Pen-Tao peach. The hardiness level is similar to Reliance Peach. Developed by New Jersey Ag Exp. Station. (450 hours) Ripens : Late June- Early July with Red Haven.
Large sized, blue- black color. Seedless. Flavor is wonderful sweet fruitiness with a suggestion of Muscat. Excellent for table, wine, and juice. Very rigorous and good productivity. Spur pruning. Hardy to zone 7 Ripens: August three weeks before Concord.
Large, dark red, with a nearly black skin. Firm sweet dark red flesh with good flavor and texture. Fruit very similar to Lambert. Resistant to cracking. Tree bears at a young age. Self-fertile. Good pollinator for all sweet cherries. (700-800 hours). Ripens: Mid-Season.
The most popular fig. Medium to large, pear shaped. Purplish- black colored skin. Flesh strawberry colored and good flavor. Excellent all- purpose fig. Good for fresh or dried fruit. Long lived, large tree. Ranges from coast to inland heat.
Jujube (“Chinese Date”)
Shiny reddish-brown, date like fruit. Sweet apple flavor. When candied, resembles dates. Needs hot summer for fruit to ripen. They are especially good in desert areas. Attractive shiny leaves. Most trees are very thorny. A small tree reaching 15- 20 ft. in 15 years may reach to 30 ft. with more time. Hardy to -10 degrees F. Ripens : Fall (September- October in Central California).
The number one seller. One and ˝ inches long, round-plump. Unlike the large Lang, can be picked yellow-green and will finish ripening off the tree to wrinkled, mahogany color. More arched branching structure than Lang. Ripens: Fall, mid-season, slightly later than Lang.
(Planting distance 20 x 20 ft.) All persimmons on this page require minimum chilling hours (100- 200) and are cold hardy to USDA Zone 7. All are self- Fertile unless otherwise noted.
Most popular fresh eating Japanese persimmons. Large, round, Flatten shape with a reddish- orange skin. Good eating. Non- astringent. Bears as a young tree and is a heavy producer. Does not have male flowers so it will not have seeds unless planted with other varieties. Ripens: November.
Giant Fuyu (Hana):
Very large. Round to semi- oblong, dark orange skin. Smooth texture. Non- astringent. Ripens: November.
Fruits are small to medium sized, green, and with excellent flavor. Ripens: November to June. Large spreading tree. Hardy to 28 degrees F. produces a bit erratic.
Small to Medium fruits, purple to black color, with a popular nutty flavor. Ripens: Febuary to October. Medium to large tree, hardy to 30 degrees F. alternate bearing.
Fruits are small, purple, and have an excellent nutty flavor. Ripens: August to October. Medium spreading tree, which is hardy to 18 degrees F. and a heavy producer.
Small to medium fruits, green in color and with a very good flavor. Ripens: October to January. Medium slightly spreading tree, which is hardy to 30 degrees F. and is a heavy producer.
Fruits are medium to large, green, and with an excellent flavor, which ripens June to November. Medium upright tree. Hardy to 30 F. Heavy producer.
Dwarf Brazilian (Santa Carina Prata):
Height of tree ranges from 10 to 15 feet. Fingers are 5 to 6 inches long and has a yellow skin. 5- to 7 hands per 25- to 50- pound bunch. Flavor is identical to the “Brazilian”.
Washington Navel Orange:
Fruit is large, flavorful, seedless, juicy, and sections peels easily. Ripens: early, and holds well on tree. Medium sized tree with round top and a drooping tendency. Fruit drops in dry, hot areas. Tree is considered the original and the best variety of navel oranges.
Fruit size is medium to large, very juicy, sweet, and slightly acidic in cooler climates. Fruit ripens late, and holds very well on the tree. The rind may re- green in the summer, however the quality remains the same. The tree is large, upright, and tends toward alternate bearing of heavy crops. Characterized with a very wide range of adaptation the Valencia is a most important sweet orange throughout the world.
Fruit is medium sized, early, sweet, juicy, fragrant, red-orange color, contains few to many seeds, and peels easily. Also, it holds well to the tree. The tree size is small to medium and has an attractive weeping tendency, with dense foliage.
Medium sized fruit, mid- season, rich in flavor, acidic, few to many seeds, peels and segments easily. The fruit does not hold well to tree. Vigorous medium sized tree with few thorns. It is considered to be the traditional Christmas tangerine.
Fruit is Medium in size, juicy, slightly sweet when mature, superb flavor, and holds well to the tree. The tree size is small to medium, nearly thorn- less, spreading tendency, and good for hedges and containers. The tree is hardy and practically ever- blooming.
Tangelo (Citrus paradisi or Citrus reticulata) :
Fruit is richly- flavored with a tartness. The rind is reddish orange; flesh is orange, with few seeds. Ripens: late mid- season. The tree size is medium to large that is vigorous, attractive with large pointed leaves, and characterized with a tendency to be rounded. Like so many of our favorite citrus, tangelos are a hybrid, in this case a cross between a mandarin orange (tangerine) and a grapefruit or its cousin, the pumello. The most popular variety is Minneola, with its rich, juicy flavor with a hint of tart. The distinct, narrow neck on the fruit makes it easy to peel.
Like all citrus, tangelo fruit develop on attractive evergreen trees. Trees produce fruit without a pollenizer, but for more fruit, grow two varieties of tangelo, or a tangelo and a tangor together. Trees are fairly cold-resistant, but in areas without enough summer heat (like the coast) fruit may be as sweet. Fruits ripen in late winter and early spring, depending on variety. As for all citrus, grow in full sun with periodic deep water in well-draining soil. Fertilize regularly during the warm months of the year. Mulch.
Nut is excellent and has a thin shell. The tree is widely planted for commercial purposes. The nut ripens over a two month period. Spreading tree.
Cherimoya (Annona cherimola):
Cherimoya are heart-shaped fruits weighing a pound or more. Each fruit has a green rind with a scale like pattern. When ripe, the fruit is tangy sweet and creamy, best eaten fresh. Cherimoya fruit ripen from fall through early spring. Typically, they are harvested firm and allowed to ripen on the kitchen counter until slightly soft.
Cherimoya develop on vigorous trees that are deciduous for a brief time in late winter. Trees can grow to 30 feet or more, but can be kept smaller. They need a tiny bit of winter chill – roughly 50 to 100 nighttime hours between 32 and 45 degrees – to flower well. Temperatures much below freezing harm the trees, especially young ones. Fragrant flowers form along tree branches and open for four days. For the first 36 hours, it is a female flower; it then closes and reopens as a male. Since the native pollinator doesn't live here, most growers pollinate the flowers by hand with a small paintbrush. Early in the evening, they brush the pollen from the male flower into a bottle. Then, using the same brush, paint the pollen onto female flowers.
This site was last updated 07/03/07
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